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Process for forming a dual damascene structure
The invention describes a method for forming a dual damascene structure. An etch stop layer (150) is formed on a dielectric layer (140). A second dielectric...
Treatment of low-k dielectric films to enable patterning of deep submicron
Treating a low-k dielectric layer (104) using a highly oxidizing wet solution (e.g., H.sub.2 SO.sub.4) to improve patterning. Resist poisoning occurs due to an...
Process for monitoring the thickness of layers in a microelectronic device
A method of determining the thickness of a thickness of a first layer of material in a semiconductor device using a reflectometer, the first layer of material...
Method for optimizing the integrated circuit chip size for efficient
The number of good IC (Integrated Circuit) chips per wafer or time to print a wafer is optimized by examining a number of prospective chip-to-wafer offsets, and,...
Data processing device
Deter the lowering of the efficiency of data exchange in a data processing device that conducts data communications by using a serial bus conforming to the IEEF...
Interleaved coder and method
Quasi-parallel read/write interleaver architecture for data blocks by sequential spreading of variable size data subblocks into memory banks with bank address...
The present invention relates to a trimmable oscillator circuit which comprises a comparator circuit operable to compare an output voltage of the oscillator...
Semiconductor integrated circuit
The objective of this invention is to provide a type of semiconductor integrated circuit which can lessen solution in the circuit area to the minimum necessary...
Circuit configuration for the generation of a reference voltage
The circuit configuration for the generation of a reference voltage (Vref) contains a reference voltage source (12) and a storage capacitor (C2) to which a...
Direct attachment semiconductor chip to organic substrate
A method for attaching an integrated circuit chip to an organic substrate comprising the steps of providing an integrated circuit chip having an active and a...
Bond surface conditioning system for improved bondability
Thick film bond surfaces (8) on a support structure (10), such as a ceramic substrate or an IC package substrate, tend to deform during processing. A personality...
Method and circuit for controlling contrast in liquid crystal displays
using dynamic LCD biasing
A method of controlling contrast in LCDs using dynamic LCD biasing includes the step of identifying an expected bias function as a function of LCD material, LCD...
Loop filter architecture
A phase-lock loop (PLL) filter architecture includes a first charge pump (508) and a second change pump (510). The second charge pump (510) operates in opposite...
Method of reducing distortion and noise of square-wave pulses, a circuit
for generating minimally distorted...
A method and apparatus of measuring current in a switching circuit (2) of the two-port type having a first set of terminals connected to a set of terminals of a...
Miller compensated NMOS low drop-out voltage regulator using variable gain
A high power supply ripple rejection (PSRR) internally compensated low drop-out voltage regulator using an output NMOS pass device. The voltage regulator uses an...
Versatile system for integrated circuit containing shielded inductor
A versatile system for reducing electromagnetic interference resulting from an inductor (300) formed within an integrated circuit is disclosed, including an...
Integrated circuit capacitor and memory
An electrode structure for a capacitor. The electrode structure includes a contact plug comprising an oxidation barrier 208 and a bottom electrode comprising a...
Method for photoresist strip, sidewall polymer removal and passivation for
An embodiment of the instant invention is a method of fabricating an electronic device formed on a semiconductor wafer, the method comprising the steps of:...
Low-voltage-Vt (CMOS) transistor design using a single mask and without any
additional implants by way of...
Low threshold voltage transistors are fabricated by removing oxide spacers from the poly gate sidewalls of the transistors that are to be low threshold voltage....
Design method and system for providing transistors with varying active
A method (40) of designing a circuit comprising a plurality of transistors (10, 46.sub.T, 60.sub.T). Each transistor of the plurality of transistors comprises an...
Error coding structure and method
A decimated and interleaved multiplication table for finite fields as is useful in Reed-Solomon encoding computations. The generator polynomial coefficients...
Error-corrected codeword configuration and method
Modem selection of Reed-Solomon codeword configuration to maximize error-corrected data rate given channel analysis. A lookup table of maximal codeword size...
Stack Pointer Management
A processor (100) is provided that is a programmable digital signal processor (DSP) with variable instruction length. A user stack region (910) is used to pass...
Backplane physical layer controller
A system includes a serial bus 330, at least a first portion of which is formed on a circuit board. A first physical layer controller 322 is coupled to the first...
Digital control loop
Asynchronous position pulses drive an interrupt to store pulse times via direct memory access; then synchronous sampling and analysis of the stored position...
System and method to recreate illumination conditions on integrated circuit
A computerized system and method for recreating illumination conditions in a slave bonder, prepared to attach connecting bonds onto bond pads of a slave...
Coupled portable telephone/interface module
The present invention provides a solution to the dual problems of mobility and portability associated with using a portable telephone in combination with a...
Joint position and carrier frequency estimation method of initial frequency
acquisition for a WCDMA mobile terminal
A WCDMA system and method of data communication allows a receiver to reliably achieve carrier frequency acquisition following turn-on without use of temperature...
System and method for providing stability for a low power static random
access memory cell
A system for providing stability for a low power static random access memory (SRAM) cell (10) is provided that includes a wordline (14), a driver (34) and a mode...
System for increasing the bandwidth of sample-and-hold circuits in flash
An analog-to-digital converter to convert an analog signal to a digital signal, including a sample-and-hold circuit to sample and hold the analog signal and to...
Resistance measurement system
A system is provided for precisely measuring a resistive load embedded in a potentially non-linear and capacitive Powered Device network which eliminates...
Compare path bandwidth control for high performance automatic test systems
The compare path bandwidth control for high performance automatic test systems provides a standard dual comparator mode with single ended transmission lines for...
Thermally enhanced semiconductor chip having integrated bonds over active
An integrated circuit (IC) chip has a metal network of electrical power distribution lines which have a thermal conductance at least an order of magnitude...
Robust reference sensing cell for flash memory
A robust reference sensing cell for FLASH memory is formed. The cell utilizes floating gate transistors with a drain transition region concentration gradient...
Low current blow trim fuse
A low current blow trim fuse structure and method of forming the trim fuse structure. Oxide steps are placed beneath a trim fuse during prior processing steps....
BGA substrate via structure
Typically, primary electrical connection between a semiconductor chip and an external solder ball contact on a Ball Grid or Chip Scale Package is by way of a via...
Method for fabricating a self-aligned source line flash memory device
A method for fabricating a flash memory device having a self-aligned source includes providing a semiconductor substrate having a source region separated from a...
Body-tied-to-source partially depleted SOI MOSFET
A silicon-on-oxide MOS transistor is disclosed which has an implanted region on the source side of the gate electrode for making contact with the body node. A...
Methods of preventing reduction of IrOx during PZT formation by
metalorganic chemical vapor deposition or other...
A method of fabricating a ferroelectric capacitor is disclosed. The method comprises decreasing a reduction in a bottom electrode material during formation of...
Input data capture boundary cell connected to target circuit output
Scan testing of plural electrical circuits (C1-C3) is accelerated by re-using one circuit's (C1's) scan test response data as scan test stimulus data for another...
Hub interface unit and application unit interfaces for expanded direct
memory access processor
An expanded direct memory access processor has ports which may be divided into two sections. The first is an application specific design referred to as the...
Method and apparatus for operating one or more caches in conjunction with
direct memory access controller
A data processing apparatus includes a data processor core having integral cache memory and local memory, and external memory interface and a direct memory...
Psuedo-random noise sequence generating system
Multiple PN sequences are generated in parallel using multiple LFSRs (10) or multiple mask circuits (40) coupled to a single LFSR. The offsets between PN...
Wireless system with transmitter having multiple transmit antennas and
combining open loop and closed loop...
A wireless communication system (40). The system comprises transmitter circuitry (42) comprising encoder circuitry (44) for receiving a plurality of symbols...
Enhanced color correction
A method and apparatus for correcting the color of an image signal. Data in a first color space such as RGB is converted (502) to primary/secondary/neutral color...
Fibre channel host bus adapter having multi-frequency clock buffer for
reduced power consumption
A Fiber Channel host bus adapter has a low power, high speed serial to parallel data converter for converting asynchronous serial data into clock aligned,...
Read head protection circuit and method
A circuit (80) and method (84) for protecting read heads (18) of a hard-disk drive system (100). Capacitor C.sub.1 is controllably coupled to a dummy head...
Miniature integrated multiple channel surface plasmon resonance liquid
A surface plasmon resonance sensor capable of determining the property of several liquids at varying times or simultaneously without the need for a reflecting...
Circuit configuration for the compensation of leakage currents in a
voltage-controlled oscillator of a PLL circuit
In a circuit configuration for the compensation of leakage currents in a voltage-controlled oscillator (12) of a PLL circuit (10), a control voltage is applied...
Circuit for widening the stereobase in the reproduction of stereophonic
A circuit for widening the stereobase in the reproduction of stereophonic sound signals contains one amplifier (10, 34) each for the stereo signals assigned to...